Indus Valley Civilization with Important MCQs



During Copper Stone Age, an ancient civilization existed in India, which was the beginning of Indian civilization known as Indus Valley Civilization.

  • In 1921 ancient city of Harappa in Sindhi means Buried City was discovered.
  • The site of Harappa was located on the bank of river Ravi.
  • The main cities of Indus Valley Civilization were Mohenjo-Daro, Chanhudaro, Kalibangan, and Lothal.
  • Dockyard of Indus Valley Civilization was found in Lothal
  • The Harappan site located near the Iranian border is Suktagendor.
  • Following characteristics distinguished the Harappan Civilization from other contemporary civilization of the world is Town Planning, Drainage System, and sanitation.
  • The people of Indus Valley Civilization usually built their houses of Pucca bricks.
  • The Valley people traded with the Mesopotamian.
  • The Indus Valley Civilization was non-Aryan because it was urban.
  • Mohenjodaro, Harappa, Ropar, and kalibangan were the important places of Indus Valley Civilization.
  • Rock cut architecture in Harappan culture context has been found in Dholavira.
  • Cotton for Textile was first cultivated in India.
  • The Indus Valley Civilization was an advanced urban civilization.
  • Iron was not known to the people of Indus Valley Civilization.
  • It is difficult to say to which race the people of Indus Valley Civilization belonged.
  • The local name of Mohenjodaro: Mound of the dead.
  • Indus Valley Civilization specialized in town planning.
  • The archeological finds from Alamgirpur in Ghaziabad district reflected Harappan Civilization.


  • It was found in 1926 during archaeological excavation.
  • It was built of kiln-fired bricks and sealed with a lining of bitumen.
  • There were steps on both sides, one from the north and other from the south.1 meter wide and 40 cm high mound is present on the end of the stairs
  • It measures 11.88*7.01 meters and has a maximum depth of 2.43 m
  • Two large doors lead into the complex from the south and other access from the north and east.
  • It was fed by water from a well that may have supplied some of the water needed to fill the tank and dirty water was emptied by huge drain.
  • Rainwater may also have been collected, but no Inlet drains have been found.
  • There was room on all the sides of the pool for changing clothes.


  • Mohenjodaro has a planned layout and buildings arranged on the grid system.
  • In buildings mostly used pucca bricks, but some incorporated sun-dried, mud- bricks and wooden superstructures.
  • The main street ran from north to south and east to west intersecting one another at right angles.
  • There were some smaller houses which had two rooms and there were also some multi-storied houses.
  • The staircases of the big buildings were solid, the roofs were flat and were made of wood.
  • There were dustbins in front of the houses.
  • Doors the houses were on the side walls, one could enter a house by the door facing the side lanes of the house, the doors were made of wood.
  • The northern part of the town was narrow and elevated, constructed for security and eastern side was broad and lowered.
  • Houses were built on each side of the street systematic order.
  • An administrative committee was there to administer the city.


  • Every household had horizontal and vertical drains connected to the street drain which were fully covered.
  • There were some holes for regular intervals for cleaning.


Harappa Ravi  Daya Ram Sahni
Mohenjodaro Indus Rakhal Das Bannerji
Chanhodaro Indus Mackay, N.G. Mazumder
Lothal Bhogava S.R.Rao
Kalibanga Ghaggar Amalanand Ghosh, B.V. Lal & B.K. Thapar
Banawali Ghaggar R.S.Bist
Dholavira Luni J.P. Joshi



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